How to read the DLAUG

Difficulty accessing a clickable element

Situation Definition:

A situation that arises from the difficulty in accessing an

such as a link, push-button, and widget that activates with a mouse click but not with a keystroke.

Factor(s) Leading to the Situation

List of Factors leading to the situation. There is factor list under this heading. You can listen like inappropriate labeling: unlabeled active elements. Tooltips collapse. When you hear collapse or expand, you can listen to the popup definition for the factor. Here, when you enter it, you can listen to the definition of Inappropriate labeling: unlabeld active elements as Active element is not assigned a descriptive label.

Guideline or Design Recommendation:

List of guidelines or design recommendations. There is guideline list under this heading. You can listen like “1. Ensure the labels for all clickable elements are understandable. 2. Ensure active elements can be activated via keyboard.” The numbering of Techniques and Methods, Recommended Features, and Examples corresponds to the numbering under Guideline or Design Recommendation.

Rationale and Objective:

Rationale and Objective: BVI tooltips collapse-When you listen to collapse or expand, you can listen to the popup definition the term. Here, when you enter it, you can listen to the definition of BVI, The acronym for Blind and Visually Impaired, it also refers to BVI users who rely on screen readers to understand DL content. Also, when you listen visited link and click it, you can go to a related resource.

Techniques and Methods:

1.1. Provide meaningful labels for all clickable elements specifying their functions
2.1. Use standard HTML controls to build active elements
2.2. Set up a schedule to verify, update, or remove missing or broken links
2.3. Provide a feedback form to enable users to report a broken link
3.1. Provide tips and/or instruction about how to activate elements by keyboard operations
4.1. Create web applications and interfaces using

 so they will be compatible with screen readers

Recommended Features:

Recommended Features: 1.1. Meaningful labels (See link example 1.1.a). When you hear link in the recommended features, it is the link to an example. When you click it here, it links to example 1.1.a).

Examples:

1.1.a. Meaningful labels: Good example

Match a label with visual function. For example, when a left arrow Next is used for “Next” on a website, put the same meaning label to all left arrow visual elements such as < img src=”arrow” alt=”next”>.

1.1.b. Meaningful labels: Bad example

No meaningful label to help indicate what should happen with this feature (There is no description or information about the connection between featured content and subject)
Minus sign icon next to heading "Featured Content"
Minus sign icon next to heading "Subject"

2.1.1. Live Links: How-to example 1.1. Verify links and identify dead links using a tool such as link WAVE software. When you hear link in the examples, it is an external link. When you click it here, it links to WAVE software website.

Wave software interface with emphasis on empty link, broken same-page link, and suspicious link text errors

2.1.2.a. Keyboard accessible active elements: How to example

Add CSS “a:focus”  to selectors with “a:hover” to ensure keyboard access.

2.1.2.b. Keyboard accessible active elements: How to example

Use a simple image-based checkbox widget using tab index to allow keyboard access.

Sample code:

<!- – Without the tabindex attributes, the <span> elements would not be keyboard focusable – ->
<div>
<span role= “checkbox” aria-checked= “true” tabindex= “0”>
<img src = “checked.gif” role= “presentation” alt=”” />
Included decorative fruit basket
</span>
</div>
<div>
<span role= “checkbox” aria-checked= “true” tabindex= “0”>
<img src = “checked.gif” role= “presentation” alt=”” />
Include singing telegram
</span>
</div>
<div>
<span role= “checkbox” aria-checked= “false” tabindex= “0”>
<img src = “unchecked.gif” role= “presentation” alt=”” />
Require payment before delivery
</span>
</div>

Retrieved from https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/Accessibility/Keyboard-navigable_JavaScript_widgets

2.3. Feedback form: How to example

Provide a feedback form in a DL (Example from Rutgers University)

Report Accessibility Barrier/Provide Feedback Form
Retrieved from https://it.rutgers.edu/it-accessibility-initiative/barrierform/

3.1. Help function: How to example

Help function about how to activate element by keyboard operations

Keyboard shortcuts listed for Artstor such as w, Up Arrow for More viewport up and s, Down Arrow for more viewport down
Retrieved from https://library.artstor.org/#/support

4.1.a. ARIA-compliant interface and features: How to example

When a user clicks “Collection” in “Browse By” the list of collections under “Artstor Digital Library” is generated, and the list is applied by an ARIA compliant list, and each collection heading has a label that describes the number of objects in the collection.

Artstor browse results interface with number of items found listed next to collection

4.1.b. ARIA-compliant interface and features: How to example

ARIA compliant interface (Checked by WAVE)

Search bar with emphasis added to "Search the collection" text in search bar and tag "aria-label="Search the collection""

Related Resources:

1. Melnyk, V., Ashok, V., Puzis, Y., Soviak, A., Borodin, Y., & Ramakrishnan, I. V. (2014, July). Widget classification with applications to web accessibility. In International Conference on Web Engineering (pp. 341-358). Cham: Springer.

2. WAI-ARIA Authoring Practices 1.1 (2017) – 5.1 Fundamental Keyboard Navigation Conventions. Retrieved from http://www.w3.org/TR/wai-aria-practices/#kbd_generalnav.

3. W3C. (2016). Accessible UI Components List – Frameworks, Snippets, Themes, and Widgets for a Better Web. Retrieved from https://www.w3.org/blog/wai-components-gallery/

4. WCAG Understanding Guideline 2.1 Keyboard Accessible https://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/keyboard-operation.html

5. Starr, J. (2016). EZID Introduces Link Checking. Retrieved from
https://www.cdlib.org/cdlinfo/2016/10/17/ezid-introduces-link-checking/

See also:

See also: Help-seeking situations > link difficulty Accessing Information. When you listen to Link in See Also, it is a link to related guidelines. Here, it links to Difficulty Accessing Information.