Research and Discourse

This section includes more specialized articles that deal with, or are relevant to the study of, Cypriote sculpture, links to several important journals, and other research tools.


Chronique des fouilles et découvertes archéologiques à Chypre (in progress)
Bulletin de correspondance hellénique

Initiated in 1959 by Dr. Vassos Karageorghis, the Chronique des fouilles et découvertes archéologiques à Chypre of the Bulletin de correspondance hellénique remains one of the most significant contributions to archaeological research in Cyprus. Designed to offer a comprehensive, annual report of archaeological activity on the island, the Chronique des fouilles, provides an archive of data essential for research. Full-text and searchable (!) online/pdf versions are now available via Persée, a site sponsored by the French Ministry of State for Higher Education and Research designed to offer digital publication of scientific journals in the field of the humanities. The BCH is among the journals catalogued (as well as Syria, Paléorient, and the Comptes-rendus des séances de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres). A full listing, year by year, from 1959-2001, may be found by following the link above.

Melchior de Vogüé, “Letter to M. Renan” (1862) #1, pp. 345-7.Melchior de Vogüé, “Letter to M. Renan” (1862) #2, pp. 244-9.

Two nineteenth century letters written by Melchior de Vogüé to E. Renan, the director of the French Mission de Phénicie, responsible for numerous explorations in the region of ancient Golgoi (modern Athienou). The letters are among the only documents of this activity, which included substantial soundings and retrieval of sculptures from sanctuaries in the Athienou area (Golgoi, Arsos, Malloura). They also provide an interesting glimpse into the antiquarian culture of the nineteenth-century and its impact on the archaeology of Cyprus. Sculptures retrieved from this activity (primarily conducted by the team’s architect, Edmond Duthoit) are now housed in the Louvre. Courtesy of

J. L. Myres, “A Sanctuary Site at Lefkoniko,” BSA 41 (1945), 53-68 (Plates 11-21).

Myres’s brief but important report on his excavations of a sanctuary at Lefkoniko. The limestone sculptures from the sanctuary, now housed in the Cyprus Museum, constitute one of the larger caches of Archaic-Hellenistic sculptures. The sanctuary yielded many votary and divine types associated with the worship of a male divinity. The article also reports on other investigations carried out in Cyprus by Myres at other sites, including Salamis and Lapithos. Courtesy of Google Books.

J. L. Myres, “The Dates and Origins of Cypriote Sculpture,” BSA 41 (1945), 100-104.

A brief, but important article by Myres discussing and, to a certain extent, defending his chronology and classification in his Handbook of the Cesnola Collection (New York, 1914; see full text above in the ‘Library’). Courtesy of Google Books.

A. Hermary, “Un nouvel Apollon chypriote au Louvre,” Académie des Incscriptions and Belles-Lettres 132 (1988), 815-33.

An important contribution to the study of Apollo’s iconography in Cyprus, with particular emphasis on the fine, draped Apollo of Malloura, in the Louvre. Some images are not accessible due to copyrights. Downloadable .pdf also available. Courtesy of Persée.

A ‘Cypriote-Herakles’ in the National Museum, Athens (by D. Counts)

Digital photos taken in the Spring of 2002 at the National Museum in Athens and a brief commentary.

A ‘Pastiche’ of 5th c. BC Cypriote Sculpture in Providence, RI (by D. Counts)

Among the collections of the Center for Old World Archaeology and Art at Brown University (Providence, RI, USA), there is an enigmatic piece of Cypriote sculpture which features the head of male, wearing a lion-skin headdress, set atop a draped female torso–obviously the product of a flawed restoration. The statue presents an ideal opportunity to discuss two important types of votive statuary commonly found in Archaic and Classical sanctuaries in Cyprus. I would like to thank the Center for Old World Archaeology and Art for permission to publish the piece in this forum.

Archaic Kouroi in Naucratis: The Case for Cypriot Origin (AJA 105, 2001) by Ian Jenkins

An important recent article by Ian Jenkins (British Museum) discussing the origin of a series of ‘Cypriote-style’ statuettes discovered at the site of Naukratis in Egypt. The statuettes were previously thought to be made of alabaster, however Jenkins provides evidence that they are in fact gypsum. Jenkins argues that these so-called alabaster kouroi, as well as the limestone statuettes discovered in the same area, are of Cypriote origin and were produced in SE Cyprus for export . The question of provenience for Cypriote statuettes found abroad is a hot topic and has been the focus of numerous recent studies (see Bibliography). The link is to a full-text (.pdf) made available by the American Journal of Archaeology. Click here if you would like to see the Abstract.

‘Sculpture in Roman Cyprus’ (published in Apollo July 2003 by J. Fejfer)

An article available on-line which appeared in Apollo (The International Magazine of the Arts) July 2003. Fejfer teaches Roman archaeology at the University of Copenhagen and is co-editor of Ancient Akamas: 1. Settlement and Environment (Aarhus, 1995). Unfortunately, the on-line article linked above does not contain the illustrations; access to the full-text article in Apollo with illustrations is available via registration on the magazine’s www site.

Tamassos Limestone Funerary Sculptures

The discovery of six limestone sculptures associated with the so-called ‘Royal Tombs’ of Tamassos in 1996 is one of the most exciting discoveries of Cypriote sculpture in the last several decades. Four lions and two sphinxes were unearthed, almost fully intact and preserving traces of their original color. The following brief announcement by Demos Christou (then director of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus) from the on-line archives of Archaeology magazine discusses the discovery and illustrates two of the lions. The pieces were published more fully by M. Solomidou-Ieronymidou in the RDAC (2001). See Bibliography under ‘General Studies’.


Bulletin de correspondance hellénique

A digital archive of the French School publications, including the Bulletin de correspondance hellénique (1877-2000!) plus all of the BCH supplements. For the study of Cypriote sculpture, one now has access to the extremely important reports on archaeological research and discoveries in Cyprus (Chronique des Fouilles et découvertes archéologiques à Chypre) published annually in the BCH. On the homepage, click CEFAEL on the left menu. From here you may ‘Browse’ all of the archived publications and series or ‘Search’ for titles and authors. Also available (see above in the ‘Library’): A. Hermary, Amathonte V: Les figurines en terre cuite archaïques et classiques. Les sculptures en pierre (2000) and Amathonte II: Testimonia 2: Les sculptures découvertes avant 1975 (1981); other volumes in the Études Chypriotes series (including more in the Amathonte series); and the complete excavation volumes for Delos and Delphi.
Courtesy of the École Française d’Athènes.

Revue archéologique

Main website of the journal. Provides TOC for last ten years, including some articles available as .pdfs. The RA is one of only a few major journals that frequently highlight Cypriote material culture; the journal also includes book reviews on Cypriote volumes.

Cahier du Centre d’Etudes Chypriotes (CCEC)

Website of the Centre d’Études Chypriotes with information regarding this important journal of Cypriote archaeology. Especially useful is the listing of the Table of Contents for each issue published since 1984. The Cahier is edited by A. Hermary, with the assistance of S. Fourrier and M. Yon.

Thetis: Mannheimer Beiträge zur klassischen Archäologie und Geschichte Griechenlands und Zyperns

Website of the journal Thetis, an interdisciplinary journal of Greek and Cypriote archaeology and history, edited by Reinhard Stupperich (University of Heidelberg) and Heinz A. Richter (University of Mannheim). Especially useful is the listing of the Table of Contents for each issue; the journal has been published since 1994.

Research Tools

The PASP Database for the Use of Scripts on Cyprus

Searchable online version of The PASP Database for the Use of Scripts on Cyprus. This website, which is maintained by the Program in Aegean Scripts and Prehistory at the University of Texas, contains the complete corpus of inscriptions offered in the print version, The PASP Database for the Use of Scripts on Cyprus compiled by Nicolle Hirschfeld (Salamanca, 1996). Of particular interest are the many inscriptions found on limestone sculptures, altars, and stelae. Search Hints: limestone or statue under the search field ‘material/object’ or simply search by site (e.g., Golgoi, Idalion, Voni). Extremely valuable for tracking inscriptions to divinities in Cypriote sanctuaries; type the name of the divinity (Apollo, Artemis, etc.) under the search field ‘Nature’.

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (Princeton, 1976)

Edited by Richard Stillwell, the somewhat outdated but nevertheless valuable Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites can still be consulted for basic information on numerous sites in the classical Mediterranean. Cypriote sites are featured prominently, including Amathous, Chytroi, Golgoi, Idalion, Kition, Kourion, Lapithos, Marion, Palaipaphos (Kouklia), Salamis, Soloi, and Tamassos. Most entries, written by K. Nicolaou, include bibliographies (with references through the 1970s). Perseus offers a searchable index of the volume.