Images, Databases and Links of Interest

George and Nefeli Giabra Pierides Collection (Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation)

Website of the Museum, housed at the Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation (Nicosia). Impressive collection of Cypriote antiquities, with a representative collection of Cypriote limestone sculptures (especially votary heads). Scroll down for thumbnail images of display cases. The collection was published by V. Karageorghis in 2002 (see bibliography under ‘Museums and Catalogues’)

Museum of Cycladic Art

Website of the Museum of Cycladic Art in Athens (Greece), which houses a small, but interesting corpus of Cypriote antiquities, including sculpture. Highlights include the upper torso of an archaic, draped make wearing a conical cap, as well as two Classical limestone statues featuring, respectively, a reclining male and seated female.

The Department of Antiquities, Republic of Cyprus

Website of the Department of Antiquities (Cyprus) launched in 2005. The site contains a variety of useful resources for archaeologists and visitors, including special sections on the various sites and museums under the aegis of the department. There are also links to information on current excavations (local and foreign projects), news, department publications, cultural heritage issues, archaeological legislation, as well as downloadable forms (excavation permits). 

The Limassol District Archaeological Museum

Website of the LDAM maintained by the Municipality of Limassol. Includes brief history, chronological chart, and images. Images include photos of the gallery space with objects on display, as well as some additional photos of objects in the collection. In general, the image quality is only average. Viewable pieces of limestone sculpture include:

  1. a late archaic female votary (with well preserved paint!)
  2. the famous Hathor capital from Amathous
  3. the colossal Bes (also from Amathous)
  4. a late limestone head from the so-called Sanctuary of Zeus Labranios

There is also an English version


Webpage dedicated to the archaeological site of Kourion. Of special interest for the study of Cypriote sculpture is the famous Sanctuary of Apollo Hylates.

The Kelsey Museum of Archaeology (University of Michigan)

Database search for the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology at the University of Michigan. The Kelsey Museum houses a fine collection of Cypriote sculpture, primarily from the site of Golgoi. The sculptures were originally part of the Cesnola Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York) and were bought at auction in the Anderson Gallery sales of 1928. The limestone and terracotta sculptures in the Kelsey were published by F. Albertson in 1991 (see Bibliography, ‘Museum Catalogues and Special Collections’). Search Hint: use site name ‘Golgoi’.

The Cesnola Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York)

A site dedicated to the Cypriote galleries at the Met. There is some background information on the collection and a selection of images. The Cesnola Collection is among the largest and most important collections of Cypriote antiquities in the world, especially with regards to sculpture. Accompanying the new installation is a lavishly illustrated volume (V. Karageorghis, et al. Ancient Art from Cyprus: The Cesnola Collection (New York, 2000).
Also from the Met: Timeline of Art History Illustrated guide to the collections of the Metropolitan Museum, with several links of interest to Cypriote archaeologists, including:

Each section provides a useful survey with links to examples from the museum’s collections of Cypriote limestone sculpture:

The Ashmolean Museum Collection of Cypriote Art

On-line guide to the Cypriote collections of the Ashmolean Museum including historical overview of the collection, chronological chart of Cypriote art, information on proveniences and donors, as well as a link to the museums (now out-of-print) handbook by A. C. Brown and H. Catling (see link above under ‘Research and Discourse’).

The David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art (Chicago)

Located on the University of Chicago’s Hyde Park campus, the David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art houses a permanent collection of over 7000 objects, spanning five centuries of both Western and Eastern civilizations. Among the holdings, in a collection of Cypriote pottery and some Cypriote sculpture. Access to the museum’s collections is available on-line via the Smart Museum Online Database Project. Search Hints: use Cypriote under Curator’s Object Type and sculpture under Registrar’s Object Type. Images are available for several of the pieces; the quality is often disappointing.

The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art (Sarasota, FL)

An impressive collection of Cypriote sculpture is housed in the Ringling Museum. The objects were purchased as part of the Metropolitan Museum’s sale of ‘duplicates’ in the Cesnola collection in 1928 by Anderson Galleries. Part of the collection has now been placed on-line. Inconsistencies in classification detract from the functionality of the search engine; however, but browsing the ‘Ancient Art’ collection one finds several examples of Cypriote limestone sculptures (including: several votary types, a banquet stele fragment, and a temple boy). A panoramic view of the gallery of Cypriote sculpture in the Astor Library is available from the Ringling’s website; walk forward into the next room to view the Cypriote sculptures on display. The collection was published by N. Kershaw in 1983 (see Bibliography, ‘Museum Catalogues and Special Collections’; see also Minter 1971).

The Norwich Free Academy Slater Memorial Museum Cast Collection (Norwich, CT)

A spectacular and rather unexpected collection of ancient casts can be found in the Slater Museum of the Norwich Free Academy (CT). The plaster cast collection is among the largest and best preserved in the United States and includes masterpieces of ancient sculpture (including architectural sculpture), as well as large collection of Cypriote sculptures from the Cesnola Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York). Images from the collection of plaster casts in the Slater Memorial Museum are available through the On-line Gallery of the Slater Cast Collection.

A. G. Leventis Gallery of Cypriot Antiquities (The British Museum)

The British Museum houses a substantial collection of Cypriote sculpture (mostly from the excavations of Lang at ancient Idalion). A selection of images are now available on the BM website via COMPASS, the museum’s on-line collections database. There are approximately 70 objects of Cypriote art (ceramics, terracotta figurines, limestone statuary, metal objects, coins) currently available. There are also three, illustrated thematic presentations (on Cyprus in general, Enkomi, and Aphrodite). Highlights (re: sculpture) include the Marion ‘kouros’, the so-called ‘Priest of Idalion’, a temple-boy, and a marble, Julio-Claudian portrait.

The Medelhavsmuseet (Stockholm)

The Medelhavsmuseet houses an impressive collection of Cypriote antiquities (including limestone and terracotta sculpture), primarily from the excavations of the Swedish Cyprus Expedition. The collection is being re-installed in a new gallery as part of the on-going efforts of the Leventis Foundation (see below) to exhibit and publish collections of Cypriote material in foreign museums. Aside from the SCE, the collections in the Medelhavsmuseet are published in Karageorghis 1977a and Karageorghis, et al. 2003 (see Bibliography under ‘Museum Catalogues and Special Collections’); see also Törnkvist 1972 (under ‘Typology and Attributes’) for a discussion of the terracotta statuary of Ayia Irini.

The Leventis Foundation (Nicosia, Cyprus)

The Leventis Foundation, under the direction of Dr. Vassos Karageorghis, has made enormous efforts to re-install and publish collections of Cypriote antiquities housed in foreign museums. Leventis has published a significant number of museum catalogues (listed under ‘Publications’). Those of special significance for Cypriote sculpture are listed in the Bibliography under ‘Museum Catalogues and Special Collections’.

Pierides Foundation Museum (Larnaca, CYPRUS)

A searchable database of the collection of Cypriote antiquities in the Pierides Foundation Museum. There are multiple images of every artifact, as well as Quicktime VR movies for some. While the strength of the collection lies in its ceramics and terracottas (especially lamps), there is also a significant corpus of stone sculpture. The site also contains a history of the museum and the Pierides family.

The Cesnola Collection of the Semitic Museum (Harvard)

An excellent website devoted to the collection of Cypriote antiquities housed in the Semitic Museum at Harvard University (Cambridge, MA). The site is still in its developmental phases, however much information is already available. Foremost, there is a searchable database of the collection (strengths are in ceramics, however some figural art is also represented including 16 examples of votive statuary). You will also find a useful summary of the major phases of Cypriote art and discussions of materials and wares (in progress), as well as information regarding the collection itself and its previous owner, the infamous Luigi Palma di Cesnola. Finally, there is also an extensive Bibliography of studies in Cypriote archaeology covering all periods.

The Belcher Collection of Cypriot Antiquities (Institute of Cypriot Studies, SUNY-Albany)

On-line catalogue of the collection of Cypriote antiquities housed at SUNY-Albany. The collection can be consulted through two search functions: a Browse Artifacts search (which provides a comprehensive overview) or an advanced, Artifact Search (which requires input of search criteria). A small number of limestone (including an interesting female head with city-crown and an incised larnax) and terracotta sculptures are represented in the collection. Hint: search ‘stone’ or ‘terracotta’ under Ware/Material using the Artifact Search. There is also a useful ‘tour’ of the collection that puts selected pieces within an historical framework.

The Worcester Art Museum

A splendid, late archaic head of a female votary/divinity wearing an elaborate headdress from the ancient art galleries of the Worcester Art Museum.

Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna

An impressive and elegant draped male votary from the important collection of Cypriote sculpture housed in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. The Cypriote collection has recently been published by Bernhard-Walcher, et al. in 1999. (see Bibliography under ‘Catalogues’)

Musée du Louvre

An archaic draped female statue from the large collections of Cypriote sculpture housed in the Louvre. You can also view an image of the statuette of a lyre player, reportedly from Knidos but clearly of Cypriote style. These are just two pieces from a large and impressive collection of Cypriote sculpture. The comprehensive catalogue by Hermary 1989 (see Bibliography under ‘Catalogues’) has become the de facto handbook for the study of Cypriote sculpture. The Louvre also maintains a searchable database ‘Atlas‘. This system is in the process of being built and is already functional. When completed it will be a valuable resource. As it stands now, the sculptures from Cyprus have not been included.

The Athienou Archaeological Project

The Athienou Archeological Project is sponsored by Davidson College and directed by Michael K. Toumazou (Davidson), with the assistance of Associate Directors Derek B. Counts (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee) and P. Nick Kardulias (College of Wooster). The website includes information regarding the field school and excavations, as well as images of the site and a selection of artifacts. There are also links to AJA abstracts and preliminary reports. Excavations at Athienou have brought to light one of the largest caches of Cypriote sculpture in the last 50 years. For a preliminary study of the limestone sculpture from the site, see D. Counts, ‘Contributions to the Study of Cypriote Sculpture: Limestone Votives from Athienou-Malloura (Ph.D. Diss. Brown University, 1998), available through Proquest Dissertation Express.

U.S. State Department. International Cultural Property Protection

U.S. State Department site dedicated to International Cultural Property Protection and the implementation of agreements (1999, 2002, 2007) between the United States and the Republic of Cyprus for the protection of cultural property. The site divides the information into two separate sections 1) Byzantine Ritual and ecclesiastical ethnological material and 2) Pre-Classical and Classical archaeological material. Image databases accompany each section.