Recent Publications:

**Scholarly Publications in Refereed Journals**

**1a Books and Monograp****hs**

** **1. “Wicking in Porous Materials: Traditional and Modern Modeling Approaches,” edited by Reza Masoodi[1] and Krishna.M. Pillai, CRC Press, ISBN 978-1-43-987432-5, Oct 2012.

Chapters contributed in the book (4 out of 12):

a. “Introduction to Wicking in Porous Media,” R. Masoodi and K.M. Pillai, pages 1-12.

b. “Traditional Theories of Wicking: Capillary Models,” R. Masoodi and K.M. Pillai, pages 31-53.

c. “An Introduction to Modeling Flows in Porous Media,” K. M. Pillai and K. Hooman, pages 55-95.

d. “Single-Phase Flow (Sharp-Interface) Models for Wicking,” R. Masoodi and K.M. Pillai, pages 97-129.

2. “Flow and Transport in Porous Media, An Introduction,” Krishna M. Pillai and M. Quintard, manuscript under preparation, a few chapters and appendices finished, used as class notes in ME 707 (Transport in Porous Media).

**1b Book Chapters**

- “Wicking of Liquids under Non-Isothermal and Reactive Conditions: Some Industrial Applications,” M.A.F. Zarandi and Krishna M. Pillai, in Convection Heat Transfer in Porous Media, edited by Yasser Mahmoudi, Kamel Hooman and Kambiz Vafai, CRC Press, ISBN-13:978-0-367-03080-3, Nov 2019.
- “Green composites made from cellulose nanofibers and bio-based epoxy: processing, performance and applications,” Bamdad Barari and Krishna M. Pillai, in Natural Fibre-reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites, edited by Alan Lau, Elsevier, ISBN: 9780081006566, expected date: Sep 2017.
- “Characterization and Processing of Nanocellulose Thermosetting Composites,” Ronald C. Sabo, Rani F. El-Hajjar, Craig M. Clemons, Krishna M. Pillai, in
*Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites. Processing, Performance, and Applications*, edited by Jitendra K. Pandey, Hitoshi Takagi, Antonio N. Nakagaito and Hyun-Joong Kim, pp. 265-295, published in the Series on Polymer Nanocomposites (Volume C) by Springer-Verlag, ISBN 978-3-642-45231-4, 2014. - “Advanced Processing Techniques for Composite Materials for Structural Applications,” Rani El-Hajjar, Hua Tan and K.M. Pillai,
*Developments**in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering*, edited by N. Uddin, Woodhead Publishing Limited, ISBN 978-0-85709-234-2, 2013. - “Modeling the Processing of Natural Fiber Composites made using Liquid Composites Molding,” R. Masoodi and K.M. Pillai,
*Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites, Engineering Applications*, edited by Dr. Srikanth Pilla, Publisher: Wiley-Scrivener, ISBN 978 0-470-62607-8, 2011. - “Processing Polymer Matrix Composites for Blast Protection,” Hua Tan and Krishna M. Pillai, in
*Blast protection of civil infrastructures and vehicles using composites*, edited by N. Uddin, Woodhead Publishing Limited and CRC Press LLC, CRC Press, ISBN 978-1-4398-2771-0, 2010.

**2a Scholarly Publications in Refereed Journals**

- “A pore-network study on the factors influencing the isothermal drying of single- & dual- scale porous media,” Zhenyu Xu and K. M. Pillai, accepted for publication in Drying Technology.
- “Towards developing a low-cost gravity-driven arsenic filtration system using iron oxide nanoparticle-loaded PU Foam,” A. Pillai, M. A. F. Zarandi, F. Hussein, K. Pillai, N. Abu-Zhara, to appear in Water Quality Research Journal.
- “A new efficient mass-exchange closure for modeling unsaturated flows and mass-transport processes in thin porous media” , A. Kaffel, K. M. Pillai, J. Feldkamp, T. Tower, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, accepted for publication (PDF)
- “Longitudinal and Transverse Flows in Fiber Tows: Evaluation of Theoretical Permeability Models through Numerical Predictions and Experimental Measurements,” M.A.F. Zarandi, S. Arroyo, K.M. Pillai, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2018.12.032
- “Flow Along and Across Glass-Fiber Wicks: Testing of Permeability Models through Experiments and Simulations,” M.A.F. Zarandi, K.M. Pillai, B. Barari, AIChE Journal, Volume64, Issue9, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.16195
- “Fast and Inexpensive 2D-Micrograph based method of Permeability Estimation through Micro-Macro Coupling in Porous Media,” B. Barari, S. Beyhaghi, K.M. Pillai, Journal of Porous Media, accepted for publication.
- “A Novel Method for Permeability Estimation from Micro-Tomographic Images,” S. Paul, S. Roy, P. Ghosh, M.A.F. Zarandi, T. Cender, K.M. Pillai, Transport in Porous Media, v 122, n 3, April 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11242-018-1186-z
- “Spontaneous Imbibition of Liquid in Glass fiber Wicks, Part II: Validation of a Diffuse-front Model,” M.Amin F. Zarandi and K.M. Pillai,
*AIChE Journal*, accepted for publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.15856 - “Spontaneous Imbibition of Liquid in Glass fiber Wicks, Part I: Usefulness of a Sharp‐Front Approach” M.Amin F. Zarandi, K.M. Pillai, Adam Kimmel,
*AIChE Journal*, accepted for publication.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.15965 - “Pressure Infiltration Process to Synthesize Metal Matrix Composites-A Review of Metal Matrix Composites, the Technology and Process Simulation,” R. Etemadi, B. Wang, K.M. Pillai, B. Niroumand, E. Omrani, and P. Rohatgi,
*Materials and Manufacturing Processes*, accepted for publication.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10426914.2017.1328122 - “Modeling drying in thin porous media after coupling pore-level drying dynamics with external flow field,” Z. Xu and K.M. Pillai,
*Drying Technology*, v 35, n 7, pp 785-801, 2017. - “Analyzing slow drying in a porous medium placed adjacent to laminar air flow using a pore-network model,” Z. Xu and K.M. Pillai,
*Numerical Heat Transfer; Part A: Applications*, v 70, n 11, pp 1213-1231, 2016. - “Mechanical, Physical and Tribological Characterization of Nano-Cellulose Fibers Reinforced Bio-Epoxy Composites: An Attempt to Fabricate and Scale the ‘Green’ Composite”, Bamdad Barari, Emad Omrani, Afsaneh Dorri Moghadam, Pradeep L. Menezes, Krishna M. Pillai, Pradeep K. Rohatgi,
*Carbohydrate Polymers,*v - “Achieving the inside-outside coupling during network simulation of isothermal drying of a porous medium in a turbulent flow,” S. Beyhaghi, Z. Xu and K.M. Pillai,
*Transport in Porous Media*, v 114, n 3, pp. 823-842, Sep 2016. - “Mechanical Characterization of Scalable Cellulose Nano-Fiber Based Composites made using Liquid Composite Molding Process,” B. Barari, T.K. Ellingham, I.I. Qamhia, K.M. Pillai, R. Al-Hajjar, L.-S. Turng and R. Sabo,
*Composites Part B*, v 84, pp 277-284, 2016. - “Mechanical and tribological properties of self-lubricating bio-based carbon fabric epoxy composites made using liquid composite molding,” E. Omrani, B. Barari, A. D. Moghadam, K. M. Pillai, and P. Rohatgi,
*Tribology International*, v 92, pp 222–232, December 2015. - “Liquid flow in polyurethane foams for filtration applications: A study on their characterization and permeability estimation,” S. Gunashekar, K.M. Pillai, B.C. Church, N.H. Abu-Zahra,
*Journal of Porous Materials*, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 749–759, June 2015. - “Search for a ‘Green’ Composite Material: An Attempt to Fabricate Cellulose Nano-Fiber Composites using Liquid Composite Molding,” B. Barari and K. M. Pillai, Journal of the Indian Institute of Science, v 95:3, Jul.-Sep. 2015, journal.iisc.ernet.in
- “On Porosity Formation in Metal Matrix Composites made with Dual-Scale Fiber Reinforcements using Pressure Infiltration Process,” R. Etemadi, K.M. Pillai, P.K. Rohatgi, S.A. Hamidi,
*Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A*, Volume 46, Issue 5, Pages 2119-2133, 2015. - “Mechanical Characterization of Scalable Cellulose Nano-Fiber Based Composites made using Liquid Composite Molding Process,” B. Barari, T.K. Ellingham, I.I. Qamhia, K.M. Pillai, R. Al-Hajjar, L.-S. Turng and R. Sabo,
*Composites Part B*, v 84, pp. 277-284, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.08.040 - “Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Carbon Fabric Bio-Based Epoxy Composites made using Liquid Composite Molding,” E. Omrani, B. Barari, A. D. Moghadam, K. M. Pillai, and P. Rohatgi,
*Tribology*, in print. - “Search for a ‘Green’ Composite Material: An Attempt to Fabricate Cellulose Nano-Fiber Composites using Liquid Composite Molding,” B. Barari and K. M. Pillai, Journal of the Indian Institute of Science, v 95:3, Jul.-Sep. 2015, journal.iisc.ernet.in
- Liquid flow in polyurethane foams for filtration applications: A study on their characterization and permeability estimation,
*Journal of Porous Materials*, in print, DOI: 10.1007/s10934-015-9948-2, 2015. - “On Porosity Formation in Metal Matrix Composites made with Dual-Scale Fiber Reinforcements using Pressure Infiltration Process,” R. Etemadi, K.M. Pillai, P.K. Rohatgi, S.A. Hamidi,
*Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A*, accepted for publication. - “Single-Phase Flows in Swelling, Liquid-Absorbing Porous Media: A Derivation of Flow Governing Equations using the Volume Averaging Method with a Non-Deterministic, Heuristic Approach to assessing the Effect of Solid-Phase Changes,” K. M. Pillai,
*Journal of Porous Media*, v - “Experimental Determination of the Permeability of Engineering Textiles: Benchmark II,” N. Vernet; E. Ruiz; S. Advani; J.B. Alms; M. Aubert; M. Barburski; B. Barari; J.M. Beraud; D.C. Berg; N. Correia; M. Danzi; T. Delavière; M. Dickert; C. Di Fratta; A. Endruweit; P. Ermanni; G. Francucci; J.A. Garcia; A. George; C. Hahn; F. Klunker; S.V. Lomov; A. Long; B. Louis; J. Maldonado; R. Meier; V. Michaud; H. Perrin; K. Pillai; E. Rodriguez; F. Trochu; S. Verheyden; M. Weitgrefe; W. Xiong; S. Zaremba; G. Ziegmann;
*Composites Part A:**Applied Science and Manufacturing,*v 61, pp. 172-184, 2014. - “Wicking and Evaporation of Wicks in Porous Wicks: A Simple Analytical Approach to Optimization of Wick Design,” S. Beyaghi, S. Geoffroy, M. Prat, K.M. Pillai,
*AIChE Journal*, v 60, n 5, May 2014. - “Modeling Isothermal Flow in Saturated Porous Media Compressing between Two Parallel Plates,” Reza Masoodi, Krishna M Pillai, Vahid Mortazavi, Alireza Ostadhossein,
*Open Journal of Heat, Mass and Momentum Transfer*, v 1, n 2, pp. 74-83, 2013. - “Numerical Simulation of Pressure Infiltration Process for making Metal Matrix Composites using Dual-Scale Fabrics,” Wang Bo and Krishna M. Pillai,
*Metallurgical and Materials Transaction A,*v 44A, pp. 5834-5852, Dec 2013*.* - “A fast numerical simulation for modeling simultaneous metal flow and solidification in thin cavities using the lubrication approximation,” A. Reikher and K.M. Pillai,
*Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications*, v 63, n 2, pp. 75-100, 2013. - “A Fast Simulation of Transient Metal Flow and Solidification in a Narrow Channel, Part I: Model Development” A. Reikher and K.M. Pillai,
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer,*v 60, pp. 797-805, 2013. - “A Fast Simulation of Transient Metal Flow and Solidification in a Narrow Channel, Part II: Model Validation and Parametric Study” A. Reikher and K.M. Pillai,
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, v 60, pp. 806-815, 2013. - “On Applying an External-Flow Driven Mass Transfer Boundary Condition to Simulate Drying from a Pore-Network Model,” M.R. Shaeri, S. Beyaghi and K.M. Pillai,
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, n 57, pp. 331-344, 2013. - “Drying of a Porous Medium with Multiple Open sides Using a Pore-Network Model Simulation,” M.R. Shaeri, S. Beyhaghi, and K.M. Pillai,
*International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer,*v 39, n 9, p 1320-1324, November 2012. - “A Study on Moisture Absorption and Swelling in Bio-Based Jute-Epoxy Composites,” R. Masoodi and K.M. Pillai,
*Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites*, v 31, n 5, p 285-294, March 2012. - “Mechanical characterization of cellulose nanofiber and bio-derived epoxy composite,” R. Masoodi, R.E. Hajjar, K.M. Pillai, and R. Sabo,
*Materials and Design,*v 36, p 570-576, April 2012*.* - “A General Formula for Capillary Suction Pressure in Porous Media,” R. Masoodi and K.M. Pillai,
*Journal of Porous Media*, 15(8), pp 775-783, 2012. - “Numerical Simulation of Liquid Absorption in Paper-Like Swelling Porous Media,” R. Masoodi, H. Tan, and K.M. Pillai,
*AIChE Journal*, v 58, n 8, pp. 2536-2544, Aug 2012. - “Numerical Simulation of LCM Mold-Filling during the Manufacture of Natural Fiber Composites,” R. Masoodi, K.M. Pillai, N. Grahl, and H. Tan,
*Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites*, v31, issue 6, p 363-378, March 2012. - “Multiscale Modeling of Unsaturated Flow in Dual-Dcale Fiber Preforms of Liquid Composite Molding I: Isothermal Flows,” Hua Tan and K.M. Pillai,
*Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing*, v 43, n 1, pp. 1-13, Jan 2012. (pdf) - “Multiscale Modeling of Unsaturated Flow in Dual-Dcale Fiber Preforms of Liquid Composite Molding II: Non-isothermal Flows,” Hua Tan and K.M. Pillai,
*Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing*, v 43, n 1, p 14-28, Jan 2012.(pdf) - “Multiscale Modeling of Unsaturated Flow in Dual-Dcale Fiber Preforms of Liquid Composite Molding III: Reactive Flows,” Hua Tan and K.M. Pillai,
*Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing*, v 43, n 1, pp. 29-44, Jan 2012. (pdf) - “Darcy’s Law Based Numerical Simulation for Modeling 3-D Liquid Absorption into Porous Wicks,” R. Masoodi, H. Tan, and K.M. Pillai,
*AIChE Journal*, v 57, n 5, pp. 1132-1143, May 2011.(pdf) - “Estimation of Tortuosity and Effective Diffusivity Tensors using Closure Formulation in a Sintered Polymer Wick during Transport of a Nondilute, Multicomponent Liquid-Mixture”, S. Beyhaghi and K.M. Pillai,
*Special Topics & Reviews in Porous Media – An International Journal*, Vol. 2, issue 4, pp. 267-282, 2011. - “Evaporation and Transport of Non-Dilute, Multi-Component Liquid Mixtures in Porous Wicks: Simulation and Experimental Validation”, S. Beyhaghi, K.M. Pillai, D. T. Qadah, and M. L. Dietz,
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, v 54, pp.5216-5230, 2011.

[1] Dr. Masoodi is an ex-PhD student of Dr. Pillai who was a post-doc with the latter at the time of writing of the book. Currently, he is an assistant professor at Philadelphia University, Philadelphia, PA.