Citizenship as a Basket of Rights in the Era of Globalization

Diana Illencik, “Citizenship as a Basket of Rights in the Era of Globalization”
Mentor: Aneesh Aneesh, Sociology

Citizenship has long been referred to in the context of a nation-state membership. Various alternative approaches challenged the view on citizenship and introduced new frameworks, such as cosmopolitan, postnational, and transnational citizenship. These frameworks have in common their shift from referring to citizenship in terms of nationality to considering citizenship as based on human rights in contemporary world society. With the rise of dual and multiple citizenship formats, there is a gradual move away from exclusive nation-state membership. The loss of national exclusivity of citizenship is further emphasized by the increase in various citizenship-by-investment programs which allow individuals to purchase a second citizenship for a price and therefore extend their rights and ability to travel freely or work in various countries throughout the world. The purpose of this project is to study the growth and extent of dual and multiple citizenship throughout various regimes and governments around the world in order to introduce a new framework — modular citizenship, which refers to citizenship as a dynamically changing basket of rights. The framework of modular citizenship allows for a better understanding of citizenship in the era of globalization.

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  1. Thank you for an informative poster! I learned a lot, and your presentation also raised some questions in my mind. I notice that the countries where it is possible to purchase citizenship rights are a heterogenous group. Some are highly developed industrialized countries (like the US, Switzerland and Taiwan). Others are anomalous micro-states (Malta, Singapore). And two have mixed economies, with both extremely poor and extremely wealthy sectors (Peru, South Africa). I *assume* (but do not know) that the reasons for welcoming “citizenship by investment” differs accordingly. Do you know anything about that?

    I also wonder about a related phenomenon: allowing transnational migrants (typically living in wealthier countries) to vote in national elections in their home countries. Electorates thus also become transnational, and this raises many questions about political rights.

    Thanks again for the informative project! — Paul Brodwin, Professor, Dept of Anthropology

  2. Thank you so much for sharing your poster. I learned quite a bit, particularly through your abstract. I wish that we had the opportunity to chat in person so I could ask questions, as someone who is new to many of these concepts – I was particularly curious about the table on the bottom right and what the different shading represents. Would also love the opportunity to ask about how the six different citizenship rights are defined.

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