Bauer, D.J., Peterson, T.C., & Swain, R.A. (2014). Cerebellar dentate nuclei lesions alter prefrontal cortex dendritic spine morphology. Brain Research, 1544: 15-24. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2013.11.032

Berggren, K.L., Kay, J.J.M., & Swain, R.A. (2014). Examining cerebral angiogenesis in response to physical exercise. In Methods in Molecular Biology: Cerebral Angiogenesis (ed., R. Milner), p. 139-154.

Reddy, D. M., Fleming, R., Pedrick, L. E., Jirovec, D. L., Pfeiffer, H. M., Ports, K. A., Barnack-Tavlaris, J. L., Helion, A. M., & Swain, R. A. (2013). U-Pace instruction: improving student success by integrating content mastery and amplified assistance. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 17 (1), 147 – 154.

Swain, R.A., Berggren, K.L., Kerr, A.L., Patel, A., Peplinski, C., & Sikorski, A.M. (2012). On aerobic exercise and behavioral and neural plasticity. Brain Sciences, 2, 709-744. doi:10.3390/brainsci2040709.

Peterson, T.C., Villatoro, L., Arneson, T., Ahuja, B., Voss, S., & Swain, R.A. (2012). Behavior modification after inactivation of cerebellar dentate nuclei. Behavioral Neuroscience, 126, 551-562.

Bauer, D.J., Kerr, A.L, & Swain, R.A. (2011). Cerebellar dentate nuclei lesions reduce motivation in appetitive operant conditioning and open field exploration. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 95, 166-175.

Kerr, A.L. & Swain, R.A. (2011). Rapid cellular genesis and apoptosis: Effects of exercise in the adult rat. Behavioral Neuroscience, 125, 1-9.

Swain, R.A., Kerr, A.L., & Thompson, R.F. (2011). The cerebellum: A neural system for the study of reinforcement learning. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2011.00008

Reddy, D.M., Fleming, R., Pedrick, L., Ports, K., Barnack-Tavlaris, J.L., Helion, A.M., & Swain, R.A. (2011). U-Pace: Facilitating academic success for all students. Educause Quarterly, 34(4).

Kerr, A.L., Hensel, M.L., Peterson,T.C., Villatoro, L.O., Nye, S.H., & Swain, R.A. (2010). Introgression of Brown Norway chromosome 13 improves visual spatial memory in the Dahl S rat. Behavior Genetics, 40, 76-84.

Kerr, A.L., Steuer, E.L., Pochtarev, V., & Swain, R.A. (2010). Angiogenesis but not neurogenesis is critical for normal learning and memory acquisition. Neuroscience, 171, 214-226. (Cited by Faculty of 1000).

Sikorski, A.M., Hebert, N., & Swain, R.A. (2008). Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) inhibits new capillary growth in the mammalian brain. Brain Research, 1213, 35-40.

Swain, R.A. (2005). Brain plasticity. In N.J. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Baruch, D.E., Swain, R.A., & Helmstetter, F.J. (2004). Effects of exercise on Pavlovian fear conditioning. Behavioral Neuroscience, 118, 1123-1127.

Noblett, K.L. & Swain, R.A. (2003). Pretraining enhances recovery from visuospatial deficit following cerebellar dentate nucleus lesion. Behavioral Neuroscience, 117, 785-798.

Swain, R.A., Harris, A.B., Wiener, E.C., Dutka, M.V., Morris, H.D., Theien, B.E., Konda, S., Engberg, K., Lauterbur, P.C., & Greenough, W.T. (2003). Prolonged exercise induces angiogenesis and increases cerebral blood volume in primary motor cortex of the rat. Neuroscience, 117, 1037-1046.

Bauer, D.J., Christenson, T.J., Clark, K.R., Powell, S.K., & Swain, R.A. (2003). Acetaminophen as a post-surgical analgesic in rats: A practical solution to neophobia. Contemporary Topics in Laboratory Animal Science, 42, 19-2.

Irwin, S.A., Idupulapati, M., Gilbert, M.E., Harris, J.B., Chakravarti, A.B., Rogers, E.J., Crisostomo, R.A., Larsen, B.P., Mehta, A., Alcantara, C.J., Patel, B., Swain, R.A., Weiler, I.J., Oostra, B.A., & Greenough, W.T. (2002). Dendritic spine and dendritic field characteristics of layer V pyramidal neurons in the visual cortex of fragile-X knockout mice. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 111, 140-146.

Churchill, J.D., Galvez, R., Colcombe, S., Swain, R.A., Kramer, A.F., & Greenough, W.T. (2002). Exercise, experience and the aging brain. Neurobiology of Aging, 23, 941-955.

Swain, R.A. (2002). Reinforcement or Reward in Learning: Cerebellum. In J.H. Byrne, H. Eichenbaum, H. Roediger III, & R.F. Thompson (Eds.), Learning and memory. Farmingham Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference USA.

Irwin, S.A., Patel, B., Idupulapati, M., Harris, J.B., Crisostomo, R.A., Larsen, B.P., Kooy, F., Willems, P.J., Cras, P., Kozlowski, P.B., Swain, R.A., Weiler, I.J., & Greenough, W.T. (2001). Abnormal dendritic spine characteristics in the temporal and visual cortices of patients with Fragile-X Syndrome: A quantitative examination. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 98, 161-167.

Bahl, R., Bradley, K.C., Thompson, K.J., Swain, R.A., Rossie, S., & Meisel, R.L. (2001). Localization of protein Ser/Thr phosphatase 5 in rat brain. Molecular Brain Research, 90, 101-109.

Irwin, S.A., Swain, R.A., Christmon, C.A., Chakravarti, A.,, Weiler, I.J., & Greenough, W.T. (2000). Evidence for altered Fragile-X mental retardation protein expression in response to behavioral stimulation. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 73, 87-93.

Thompson, R.F., Swain, R., Clark, R., & Shinkman, P. (2000). Intracerebellar conditioning: Brogden and Gantt revisited. Behavioural Brain Research, 110, 3-11.

Swain, R.A., Wilson, G.F., & Palmer, B. (1999). Topographic and event-related potential correlates of task type and task difficulty. United States Air Force Research Laboratory Technical Report, AFRL-HE-WP-TR-1999-0180, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, USAF.

Swain, R.A., Shinkman, P.G., Thompson, J.K., Grethe, J.S., & Thompson, R.F. (1999). Essential neuronal pathways for reflex and conditioned response initiation in an intracerebellar stimulation paradigm and the impact of unconditioned stimulus preexposure on learning rate. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 71, 167-193.

Kleim, J.A., Swain, R.A., Armstrong, K.A., Napper, R.M.A., Jones, T.A., & Greenough, W.T. (1998). Selective synaptic plasticity within the cerebellar cortex following complex motor skill learning. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 69, 274-289.

Klintsova, A.Y., Cowell, R.M., Swain, R.A., Napper, R.M.A., Goodlett, C.R., & Greenough, W.T. (1998). Therapeutic effects of complex motor training on motor performance deficits induced by neonatal binge-like alcohol exposure in rats: I. Behavioral results. Brain Research, 800, 48-61.

Kleim, J.A., Swain, R.A., Czerlanis, C.M., Kelly, J., Pipitone, M.A., & Greenough, W.T. (1997). Learning-dependent dendritic hypertrophy of cerebellar stellate cells: Plasticity of local circuit neurons. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 67, 29-33.

Backs, R.W., Ryan, A.M., Wilson, G.F., & Swain, R.A. (1996). Topographic EEG changes across single-to-dual task performance of mental arithmetic and tracking. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society.

Shinkman, P.G., Swain, R.A., & Thompson, R.F. (1996). Classical conditioning with electrical stimulation of cerebellum as both conditioned and unconditioned stimulus. Behavioral Neuroscience, 110, 914-921.

Greenough, W.T., Swain, R.A., Kleim, J.A., & Weiler, I.J. (1996). Are experience-induced morphological changes reflected in brain physiology? In M. Ito & Y. Miyahita (Eds.), Integrative and molecular approaches to brain function, New YorK, NY: Elsevier.

Swain, R.A., Armstrong, K.E., Comery, T.A., Humphreys, A.G., Jones, T.A., Kleim, J.A., & Greenough, W.T. (1995). Speculations on the fidelity of memories stored in synaptic connections. In D.L. Schacter, J.T. Coyle, G.D. Fischbach, M.M. Mesulam, & L.E. Sullivan (Eds.), Memory distortion. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Greenough, W.T., Armstrong, K.E., Comery, T.A., Hawrylak, N., Humphreys, A.G., Kleim, J., Swain, R.A., & Wang, X. (1994). Plasticity-related changes in synapse morphology. In A.I. Selverston & P. Ascher (Eds.), Cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying higher neural functions. New York: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Maren, S., DeCola, J.P., Swain, R.A., Fanselow, M.S., & Thompson, R.F. (1994). Parallel augmentation of hippocampal long-term potentiation, theta-rhythm, and contextual fear conditioning in water-deprived rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 108, 44-56.

Wilson, G.F., Swain, R.A., & Davis, I. (1994). Topographical analysis of event-related potentials during a variable demand spatial processing task. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 65, 54-61.

Oliver, C.G., Swain, R.A., & Berry, S.D. (1993). Hippocampal plasticity during jaw movement conditioning in the rabbit. Brain Research, 608, 150-154.

Swain, R.A., & Thompson, R.F. (1993). In search of engrams. In F.M Crinella & J. Yu (Eds.), Brain Mechanisms: Papers in memory of Robert Thompson. New York: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

Swain, R.A., Shinkman, P.G., Nordholm, A.F., & Thompson, R.F. (1992). Cerebellar stimulation as an unconditioned stimulus in classical conditioning. Behavioral Neuroscience, 106, 739-750.

Berry, S.D., & Swain, R.A. (1989). Water deprivation optimizes hippocampal activity and facilitates nictitating membrane conditioning. Behavioral Neuroscience, 103, 71-76.