Updated: January, 2020
Guest Scholar, Brookings Institution, Washington, DC (1972-74)
Legislative Assistant, Congressman Henry Reuss (WI-5), Washington, DC (1975-76)
Elected to the Wisconsin Legislature’s State Assembly (1976, 1978, 1980) and State Senate (1982, 1986)
Member, Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage Commission (1988-89)
Executive Director, Jewish Community Relations Council of Milwaukee (1990-97)
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee:
- 1997-2002: Assistant Professor of Governmental Affairs, School of Continuing Education
- 2002-06: Associate Professor of Governmental Affairs, School of Continuing Education
- 2006-14: Professor of Governmental Affairs, School of Continuing Education
- 2015-2018: Professor of Urban Planning, School of Architecture and Urban Planning
- 2018-present: Professor Emeritus
Bachelor of Arts, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1970
Master of Public Administration (MPA), Syracuse University, 1972
Ph.D. in Public Administration, Syracuse University, 1975
The First Presidential Communications Agency: FDR’s Office of Government Reports. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2005.
Institutionalizing Congress and the Presidency: The U.S. Bureau of Efficiency, 1916-1933. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2006.
Bureaus of Efficiency: Reforming Local Government in the Progressive Era. Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 2008.
Nixon’s Super-Secretaries: The Last Grand Presidential Reorganization Effort. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2010.
Congress vs. the Bureaucracy: Muzzling Agency Public Relations. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2011.
Promoting the War Effort: Robert Horton and Federal Propaganda, 1938-1946. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2012. (For a talk on this book at the 2018 Book Festival at the Roosevelt Presidential Library: C-SPAN’s BookTV online.)
The Philosopher-Lobbyist: John Dewey and the People’s Lobby, 1928-1940. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2015.
A Presidential Civil Service: FDR’s Liaison Office for Personnel Management. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2016.
Get Things Moving! FDR, Wayne Coy, and the Office for Emergency Management, 1941-1943. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2018.
See America: The Politics and Administration of Federal Tourism Promotion, 1937-1973. Albany: State University of New York Press, forthcoming May 2020.
Government Public Relations: A Reader (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2008). Also: Instructor’s Manual for Government Public Relations (Boca Raton, FL: Auerbach, 2008).
The Practice of Government Public Relations, co-edited with Grant Neeley and Kendra Stewart (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2012).
- “Government PR: Perspectives on the Pentagon,” Maxwell Review 9:2 (Spring 1973) 101-06. (Note: This is not a peer-review journal.)
- “Tradition be Damned! The Army Corps of Engineers is Changing,” co-authored with Daniel Mazmanian (lead author), Public Administration Review 35:2 (March-April 1975) 166-72.
- “President Nixon Sees a ‘Cover Up’: Public Relations in Federal Agencies,” Public Relations Review 23:4 (Winter 1997) 301-25.
- “Public Relations in Public Administration: A Disappearing Act in Public Administration Education,” Public Relations Review 24:4 (Winter 1998) 509-20.
- “Public Relations Is Public Administration,” The Public Manager 27:4 (Winter 1998-99) 49-52.
- “Reporters and Bureaucrats: Public Relations Counter-Strategies by Public Administrators in an Era of Media Disinterest in Government,” Public Relations Review 25:4 (Winter 1999) 451-63.
- “A Jewish ‘March of Dimes’? Organization Theory and the Future of Jewish Community Relations Councils,” Jewish Political Studies Review 12:1-2 (Spring 2000) 3-19.
- “When Congress Tried to Cut Pentagon Public Relations: A Lesson from History,” Public Relations Review 26:2 (Summer 2000) 131-54.
- “Governing the Holy Land: Public Administration in Ottoman Palestine, 1516-1918,” Digest of Middle East Studies 9:1 (Summer 2000) 1-25.
- “Bureaucrat Bashing in the Galactic Senate: George Lucas and Public Administration,” Public Voices 4:2 (2000) 23-30.
- “Public Information in Government Organizations: A Review and Curriculum Outline of External Relations in Public Administration,” Public Administration and Management 5:4 (2000) 183-214.
- “The Agency Spokesperson: Connecting Public Administration and the Media,” Public Administration Quarterly 25:1 (Spring 2001) 101-30.
- “Looking at the Politics-Administration Dichotomy from the Other Direction: Participant Observation by a State Senator,” International Journal of Public Administration 24:4 (April 2001) 363-84.
- “The Image of the Government Flack: Movie Depictions of Public Relations in Public Administration,” Public Relations Review 27:3 (Fall 2001) 297-315.
- “Strange But True Tales From Hollywood: The Bureaucrat as Movie Hero,” co-authored with Susan C Paddock, Public Administration and Management 6:4 (2001) 166-94.
- “Bureaucracy in the Hebrew Bible: A Neglected Source of Public Administration History,” Public Voices 5:1-2 (2002) 79-88.
- “The Federal Public Relations Administration: History’s Near Miss,” Public Relations Review 28:1 (February 2002) 87-98.
- “Intersectoral Differences in Public Affairs: The Duty of Public Reporting in Public Administration,” Journal of Public Affairs 2:2 (May 2002) 33-43.
- “Noncredit Certificates in Nonprofit Management: An Exploratory Study,” Public Administration and Management 7:3 (2002) 188-210.
- “Management History as Told by Popular Culture: The Screen Image of the Efficiency Expert,” Management Decision 40:9 (2002) 881-94.
- “Is There Anything New Under the Sun? Herbert Simon’s Contributions in the 1930s to Performance Measurement and Public Reporting of Performance Results,” Public Voices 6:2-3 (2003) 73-82.
- “The First Federal Public Information Service, 1920-1933: At the US Bureau of Efficiency!” Public Relations Review 29:4 (November 2003) 415-25.
- “A Public Relations Program Even Congress Could Love: Federal Information Centers,” Public Relations Review 30:1 (March 2004) 61-73.
- “What Does Hollywood Think Nonprofit CEOs Do All Day? Screen Depictions of NGO Management,” Public Organization Review 4:2 (June 2004) 157-76.
- “Is There Life Before the CPM [Certified Public Manager]? Pre-CPM and Related Noncredit Certificates in Public Administration,” Public Administration Quarterly 28:3 (Fall 2004) 308-34.
- “Public Reporting: A Neglected Aspect of Nonprofit Accountability,” Nonprofit Management & Leadership 15:2 (Winter 2004) 169-85.
- “When Government Used Publicity Against Itself: Toledo’s Commission of Publicity and Efficiency, 1916-1975,” Public Relations Review 31:1 (March 2005) 55-61. An extended version of the article is online.
- “The US Bureau of Efficiency: Not RIP in 1933?” Public Voices 8:1 (2005) 44-60.
- “Empirical Experiments in Public Reporting: Reconstructing the Results of Survey Research in 1941-42,” Public Administration Review 66:2 (March-April 2006) 252-62.
- “The History of Municipal Public Reporting,” International Journal of Public Administration 29:4-6 (April 2006) 453-76.
- “The Rise and Fall of the Institute for Government Public Information Research, 1978-1981,” Public Relations Review 32:2 (June 2006) 118-24.
- “Political-Administrative Relations in State Government: A Legislative Perspective,” International Journal of Public Administration 29:12 (2006) 1021-47.
- “When Politics Overwhelms Administration: Historical Proofs for Fesler’s Maxim Against State-based Federal Regions, 1934-1943,” Public Voices 9:2 (2007) 25-45.
- “The Astronaut and Foggy Bottom PR: Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs Michael Collins, 1969-1971,” Public Relations Review 33:2 (June 2007) 184-90. An extended version of the article is online.
- “Revisiting the Dartmouth Court Decision: Why the US has Private Nonprofit Agencies Instead of Public Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs),” Public Organization Review 7:2 (June 2007) 113-42. An extended version of the article is online.
- “Clara M. Edmunds and the Library of the United States Information Service, 1934-1948,” Libraries & the Cultural Record 42:3 (2007) 213-30.
- “Déjà Vu All Over Again: Contemporary Traces of the ‘Budget Exhibit’,” co-authored with Daniel W. Williams (lead author), American Review of Public Administration 38:2 (June 2008) 203-24.
- “Public Affairs Enters the US President’s Subcabinet: Creating the First Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs (1944-1953) and Subsequent Developments,” Journal of Public Affairs 8:3 (August 2008) 185-94.
- “Congressional Controversy Over the Federal Prohibition Bureau’s Public Relations, 1922,” Public Relations Review 34:3 (September 2008) 276-78.
- “The Short Life of the Government Public Relations Association in the US, 1949-1958,” Public Relations Review 34:3 (September 2008) 279-81. An extended version of the article is online.
- “Flicks of Government Flacks: The Sequel,” Public Relations Review 35:2 (June 2009) 159-61. An extended version of the article is online.
- “The Return of Public Relations to the Public Administration Curriculum?” Journal of Public Affairs Education 15:4 (Fall 2009) 515-33.
- “A Case Study of Congressional Hostility to Agency Public Relations: The Federal Reserve and Senator Heflin, 1922,” Public Relations Review 35:3 (September 2009) 291-93.
- “Origins of the Epithet ‘Government by Public Relations’: Revisiting Bruce Catton’s War Lords of Washington, 1948,” Public Relations Review 35:4 (November 2009) 388-94.
- “Too Much Bureaucracy or Too Little? Congressional Treatment of Defense Department Legislative Liaison, 1950s-1990s,” Public Administration & Management 14:2 (2009) 323-61.
- “How a Bill Becomes a Law, Hollywood Style,” Public Voices 11:1 (2009) 66-88.
- “The Role of the YMCA in the Origins of U.S. Nonprofit Management Education,” Nonprofit Management & Leadership 20:3 (Spring 2010) 277-93.
- “Government Public Relations During Herbert Hoover’s Presidency,” Public Relations Review 36:1 (March 2010) 56-58.
- “Herman Beyle and James McCamy: Founders of the Study of Public Relations in Public Administration, 1928-1939,” Public Voices 11:2 (2014) 26-46.
- “History of US Public Administration in the Progressive Era: Efficient Government by and for Whom?” Journal of Management History 17:1 (2011) 88-101.
- “Historical Milestones in the Emergence of Nonprofit Public Relations in the US, 1900-1956,” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 40:2 (April 2011) 318-35.
- “Creating the First Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations (1941-1949) and Subsequent Developments: A Case Study of Thickening in the Federal Bureaucracy,” Public Voices 12:1 (2011) 27-45.
- “Do’s and Don’ts of Public Relations for Government Health Care Administration,” Journal of Health and Human Services Administration 35:3 (Winter 2012) 258-73.
- “Toward Generalizing about Congressional Control over Agency PR: The Failure of Spending Limits on Pentagon PR, 1951-1959,” Public Administration Quarterly 36:3 (Fall 2012) 341-79.
- “The President’s Listening Post: Nixon’s Failed Experiment in Government Public Relations,” Public Relations Review 38:1 (March 2012) 22-31.
- “Pop Culture as Civics Lesson: Exploring the Dearth of State Legislatures in Hollywood’s Public Sector,” Public Voices 12:2 (2012) 49-67.
- “A Progressive Era Idea for Reforming Government that Didn’t Make It: Recall of Judicial Decisions,” Public Voices 13:1 (2013) 58-78.
- “Defending a Controversial Agency: Edward C. Banfield as Farm Security Agency Public Relations Officer, 1941–1946,” co-authored with Kevin R. Kosar (lead author), Federal History 5 (2013) 121-38. (Note: This is not a peer-review journal.)
- “Glimpsing an Alternate Construction of American Public Administration: The Later Life of William Allen, Co-Founder of the New York Bureau of Municipal Research,” Administration & Society 45:5 (July 2013) 522-62.
- “Colluding to Create the American Society for Public Administration and the Consequent Collateral Damage,” Public Voices 14:1 (2014) 2-27.
- “Lo, the Poor Volunteer Manager: Hollywood’s Nonprofit Volunteer and Volunteer Manager,” co-authored with Jeffrey L. Brudney (lead author), Public Voices 14:1 (2014) 77-96.
- “Working for Goodwill: Journalist Lowell Mellett,” Traces of Indiana and Midwestern History (quarterly of the Indiana Historical Society) 27:4 (Fall 2015) 46-55. (Note: This is not a peer-review journal.) An extended version of the article is online.
- “Information is Power: Women as Information Providers to the President’s Budgeting Men; A History of the Bureau of the Budget Library, 1940-1970,” Public Voices 14:2 (2016) 87-106.
- “Trying to Professionalize Expert Knowledge,” Public Voices 15:1 (2017):
- Part I: “The Short Life of the Municipal Administration Service, 1926-1933,” 15:1 (2017) 9-27.
- Part II: “A Short History of Public Administration Service, 1933-2003,” 15:1 (2017) 28-45.
- “Guilt by Innuendo: GAO’s Political Attack on Agency Training Programs, 1940,” Journal of Public and Nonprofit Affairs 4:3 (2018) 306-28.
- “Public Reporting in Public Administration, circa 1939: The Annual Report as Fictional Radio Stories,” Public Voices 15:2 (2018) 107-25.
- “Public Administration’s First Training and Development Arm: The Origins and Pioneering Programs of the National Institute of Public Affairs, 1934-1985,” Public Voices 16:1 (2019) 63-83.
- “Revitalizing Historiography in Public Administration,” Methods Symposium, Public Performance & Management Review, special issue (forthcoming). Online prepublication version
“Is There a Role for Historical Fiction in Public Administration?” Public Voices 8:1 (2005) 3-7. Introduction to Symposium on Rewriting the History of Public Administration: What If…
“Panning for Gold: Finding a Few Nuggets of Positive Images of Government in American Pop Culture,” Public Voices 11:1 (2009) 1-7. Introduction to Symposium on Public Service in the Mind’s Eye: Positive Images of Public Servants in Movies, TV Shows and Editorial Cartoons.
- “Personnel Management in Wisconsin,” in Selma J. Mushkin (ed.), Proposition 13 and Its Consequences for Public Management (Washington, DC: Council for Applied Social Research, 1979) 101-05.
- “An Alum’s Perspective on Hate Speech and Academic Freedom,” in W. Lee Hansen (ed.), Academic Freedom on Trial: 100 Years of Sifting and Winnowing at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (Madison: University of Wisconsin Publications, 1998) 209-15.
- “E-Reporting: Using Managing-for-Results Data to Strengthen Democratic Accountability,” in John M. Kamensky and Al Morales (eds.), Managing for Results 2005 (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005), chap. 4. Available online as a monograph.
- “Globalization and Media Coverage of Public Administration,” in Ali Farazmand and Jack Pinkowski (eds.), Handbook of Globalization, Governance, and Public Administration (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2007), chap. 8.
- “Media Relations and External Communications during a Disaster,” in Jack Pinkowski (ed.), Disaster Management Handbook (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2008), chap. 19.
- “The State Legislature,” in Thomas M. Holbrook (ed.), Wisconsin Government and Politics, 9th (Boston: McGraw-Hill Learning Solutions, 2008), chap. 8.
- “At the Intersection of Bureaucracy, Democracy and the Media: The Effective Agency Spokesperson,” in Ali Farazmand (ed.), Bureaucracy and Administration (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2009), chap. 21.
- “US Administrative History: Golem Government,” in B. Guy Peters and Jon Pierre (eds.), SAGE Handbook of Public Administration, 2nd ed. (London: Sage, 2012), chap. 13.
- “Government Public Relations: What is it Good for?” in Mordecai Lee, Grant Neeley and Kendra Stewart (eds.), The Practice of Government Public Relations (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2012), chap. 2.
- “Propaganda for War” in Nancy Snow (ed.), Propaganda and American Democracy (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2014), chap. 4.
- “Government is Different: A History of Public Relations in American Public Administration,” in Burton St. John III, Margot Opdycke Lamme and Jacquie L’Etang (eds.), Pathways to Public Relations: Histories of Practice and Profession (London: Routledge, 2014), chap. 7.
- “E-Government and Public Relations: It’s the Message, Not the Medium,” in Aroon Manoharan (ed.), E-Government and Websites: A Public Solutions Handbook (New York: Routledge, 2015), chap. 1.
- “Government Public Relations in Canada and the United States,” co-authored with Fraser Likely and Jean Valin. In Tom Watson (ed.), North American Perspectives on the Development of Public Relations (London: Palgrave Macmillan/Springer, 2017), chap. 6.
- “The Practice of Public Affairs in Public Administration,” in Phil Harris and Craig S. Fleisher (eds.), SAGE Handbook of International Corporate and Public Affairs (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2017), chap. 12.
Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics (Oxford University Press, 2019): “Historical Development of American Public Administration,” Online (temporary free access)
Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, 3rd ed. (New York: Taylor & Francis, 2016):
- Accountability: Public Reporting, pp. 44-48
- Media and Bureaucracy in the US, pp. 374-78
- Nonprofit Organizations: Public Relations, pp. 2277-83
- Public Relations in Public Administration, pp. 2830-36
Encyclopedia of Milwaukee (online):
Book Reviews (selected)
Gary Wills, A Necessary Evil: A History of American Distrust of Government (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999). In International Journal of Public Administration 25:7 (July 2002) 923-29.
Maan Abu Nowar, The Jordanian-Israel War 1948-1951: A History of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Reading, UK: Ithaca Press, 2002). In Digest of Middle East Studies 12:1 (Spring 2003) 75-78.
Paul C. Light, Sustaining Nonprofit Performance: The Case for Capacity Building and the Evidence to Support It (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2004). In Stanford Social Innovation Review 3:1 (Spring 2005) 76-77.
Stephen Holmes and Cass R. Sunstein, The Cost of Rights: Why Liberty Depends on Taxes (New York: W. W. Norton, 2000). In Public Administration Quarterly 30:4 (Winter 2007) 479-82.
“Looking for Meaning in the Alabama Lectures’ Book Series: An Epitaph to an Old Friend of Public Administration After 65 Years” (essay), Public Administration Review 69:3 (May-June 2009) 531-42.
Johann N. Neem, Creating a Nation of Joiners: Democracy and Civil Society in Early National Massachusetts (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008). In Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 38:4 (August 2009) 721-24.