Site Reports and Excavations

2021 Update: New sources have been added to the bibliography ad hoc, but a more proper update is ‘on the list’!

The focus here is on more recent excavations, though not exclusively. The list includes some general references to site reports, as well as to specific articles that focus on objects discovered through systematic excavation (or at least cases where the provenience of an object or objects is not seriously questioned). At this point they are sort of thrown together as a whole, but I will soon divide them by site to make browsing an easier task. This is also a list that will be constantly updated with new reports (or old ones that I missed). Many of these sites have multiple excavation volumes already published (e.g., Kition, Salamis, Amathous) and these should be sought for more detailed analyses of the site. It should also be noted that sculpture found in excavations outside of Cyprus are included under the “Provenience Studies” category.

Aupert 1997.  P. Aupert, “Amathus During the First Iron Age,” BASOR 308, 19-25.

Bennett 1980.  C. Bennett, “The Cults of the Ancient Greek Cypriots” (Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania).

Buchholz 1978.  H-G. Buchholz, “Tamassos, Zypern, 1974-1976” AA, 155-230.

Buchholz 1985.  H.-G. Buchholz, “Die Deutschen Ausgrabungen in Tamassos von 1970 bis Heute,” in P. Åström, ed., Acta Cypria (Jonsered, 1992), 229-71.

Buchholz 1991.  H-G. Buchholz, “Tamassos-Phrangissa (1885),” CCEC 16, 3-15.

Buchholz 1996.  H.-G.  Buchholz and K. Untiedt, Tamassos. Ein Antikes Königreich auf Zypern (Jonserd).

Beer 1997.  C. Beer, ‘The Kourotrophos Temenos at Idalion (Cyprus). New Evidence from the American Expedition 1971-1980,’ in CCEC 27, 47-57.

Buitron-Oliver 1996.  D. Buitron-Oliver, ed. The Sanctuary of Apollo Hylates at Kourion: Excavations in the Archaic Precinct, SIMA 109 (Jonserd).

Buitron-Oliver 1997.  D. Buitron-Oliver, “Kourion: The Evidence for the Kingdom from the 11th to the 6th Century B.C.,” BASOR 308, 27-36.

Caubet 1976.  A. Caubet, “La Collection R. Hamilton Lang au Musée du Louvre: antiquités de Pyla,” RDAC, 168-77.

Caubet 1986.  A. Caubet, “Les sanctuaries de Kition à l”époque de la dynaste phénicienne,” in C. Bonnet, et al., eds. Religio Phoenicia. Studia Phoenicia 4 (Narmur, 1986), 153-68.

Caubet and Yon 1994.  A. Caubet and M. Yon, “Ateliers de sculpture de Kition: VIe-IVes. av. J.-C.” in R. Laffineur and F. Vandenabeele, eds. Cypriote Stone Sculpture (Brussels-Liege, 1994), 97-105.

Cesnola 1882. A. P. Cesnola, Salaminia, The History, Treasures and the Antiquities of Salamis in the Island of Cyprus (London).

Cesnola 1878. L. P. Cesnola, Cyprus: Its Ancient Cities, Tombs and Temples. (New York).

Cheal 1978.  C. L. Cheal, “Early Hellenistic Architecture and Sculpture in Cyprus:Tumulus 77 at Salamis” (Ph.D. Dissertation, Brown University).

Childs 1994.  W. P. Childs, “The Stone Sculpture of Marion: A Preliminary Assessment,” in R. Laffineur and F. Vandenabeele, eds. Cypriote Stone Sculpture (Brussels-Liege, 1994), 107-16.

Childs 1997.  W. P. Childs, “The Iron Age Kingdom of Marion,” BASOR 308, 37-48.

Christou 1996.  D. Christou, “Rare Cypriot Sculptures [Royal Tombs at Tamassos],” Archaeology 50, 20.

Connelly 1988.  J. B. Connelly, Votive Sculpture of Hellenistic Cyprus (New York), for sanctuaries at Arsos, Voni, Idalion, and Golgoi.

Counts 1998.  D. Counts, “Contributions to the Study of Cypriote Sculpture: Limestone Votives from Athienou-Malloura, (Ph.D. Dissertation, Brown University).

Counts 2011. D. Counts, ” Local Style and Regional Trends in Cypriot Limestone Sculpture: The Athienou School, ” in M. K. Toumazou, P. N. Kardulias, and D. B. Counts, eds. Crossroads and Boundaries: The Archaeology of Past and Present in the Malloura Valley , Cyprus.

Counts, Averett, Garstki 2016. D. B. Counts, E. W. Averett, and K. Garstki, “3D Artifact Modeling and Customized Structured Light Scanning at Athienou-Malloura, Cyprus.”Antiquity 90: 349 (2016), 206-218.

Counts et al. 2020. D. B. Counts, E. W. Averett, K. Garstki, and M. K. Toumaou, Visualizing Votive Practice: Exploring Limestone and Terracotta Sculpture from Athienou-Malloura through 3D Models. (Grand Forks: Digital Press at the University of North Dakota, 2020). See also: “Visualizing Votive Practice: Exploring Limestone and Terracotta Sculpture from Athienou-Malloura through 3D Models”. Data Archive (2020). Released: 2020-07-28. Open Context. DOI:

Daszewski 1994.  W. Daszewski, “Marble Sculptures in Nea Paphos: Cypriote or Imported?” in R. Laffineur and F. Vandenabeele, eds. Cypriote Stone Sculpture (Brussels-Liege, 1994), 153- 60.

Flourentzos 1995.  P. Flourentzos, “The Sanctuary at Archangelos in the Vicinity of Nicosia,” RDAC, 214-20.

Flourentzos 2000.  P. Flourentzos, A Group of Sculptures from Idalion,’ in P. Åström and D. Sürenhagen, eds., Periplus: Festschrift für Hans-Günter Buchholz zu seinem achtzigsten Geburtstag am 24. Dezember 1999 (Jonsered, 2000), 59-62.

Fourrier 2000. S. Fourrier, “Un sanctuaire de frontière à Pyrga,” Cahier du Centre d’Études Chypriotes 30, 45-66.

Fourrier 2006. S. Fourrier, “Sanctuaires du territoire de Kourion: à propos des découvertes d’Agios Therapôn-Silithkia,” CCEC 36, 9-22.

Gaber 1989.  P. Gaber, “Regional Styles in Cypriote Limestone Sculpture,” in L. Stager, et al., eds. American Expedition to Idalion, Cyprus, 1973-1980 (Chicago), 398-401.

Gaber 1994.  P. Gaber, “In Search of Adonis,” in R. Laffineur and F. Vandenabeele, eds. Cypriote Stone Sculpture (Brussels-Liege, 1994), 161-5.

Gaber and Dever 1998.  P. Gaber and W. Dever, “The Birth of Adonis?” Archaeology Odyssey (Spring), 48-55,  cont. p. 61.

Gaber-Saletan 1980.  P. Gaber-Saletan, “The Limestone Sculpture from Kition,” MedMusB 15, 41-9.

Gaber-Saletan 1981.  P. Gaber-Saletan, “The Limestone Sculpture from the Vouni Region,” MedMusB 16, 39-46.

Gaber-Saletan 1986.  P. Gaber-Saletan, Regional Styles in Cypriote Sculpture: The Sculpture from Idalion (New York).

Gjerstad 1980. E. Gjerstad, Ages and Days in Cyprus (Göteborg).

Hadjicosti 1997.  M. Hadjicosti, “The Kingdom of Idalion in the Light of New Evidence,” BASOR 308, 49-63.

Hermary 1979. A. Hermary, “Nouveaux documents sur le sanctuaire d’Aphrodite à Idalion (Ohnefalsch-Richter 1885),” BCH 103 (1979), 361-89.

Hermary 1981.  A. Hermary, Amathonte II, Testimonia 2: La Sculpture (Paris).

Hermary 1983. A. Hermary, “Deux tètes en marbre trouvées à Amathonte,” BCH 107, 289-99.

Hermary 1985.  A. Hermary, “Un nouveau chapiteau hathorique trouvé à Amathonte,” BCH 109, 657-708.

Hermary 1988.  A. Hermary, “Nouvelles découvertes sur la Mission Vogüé de 1862,” Cahier du Centre d’Études Chypriotes 12, 15-20.

Hermary 1994.  A. Hermary, “Sculptures d” Amathonte: Les Découvertes de la mission française, 1975-1992,” in R. Laffineur and F. Vandenabeele, eds. Cypriote Stone Sculpture (Brussels-Liege, 1994), 117-25.

Hermary 1996.  A. Hermary, “Les Sculptures en Pierre,” in D. Buitron-Oliver 1996, 139-49.

Hermary 2000.  A. Hermary, “Amathonte V. Les Figurines en Terre Cuite, Les Sculptures en Pierre: Archaïques et Classiques (Athens).

Hermary 2005. A. Hermary, “La fin du royaume d’Idalion et son annexion par Kition: le témoignage des sculptures,” CCEC 35, 99-126.

James et al. 1888.  M. R. James, et al. “Excavations in Cyprus, 1887-1888,” JHS 9, 149-271.

Karageorghis 1964.  V. Karageorghis, Sculptures from Salamis I (Nicosia).

Karageorghis 1977a.  V. Karageorghis, “A “Favissa” at Kakopetria,” RDAC, 178-201.

Karageorghis 1977b.  V. Karageorghis, Two Cypriote Sanctuaries of the End of the Cypro-Archaic Period (Rome).

Karageorghis 1978.  V. Karageorghis, “A “Favissa” at Kazaphani,” RDAC, 156-93.

Karageorghis 1979.  V. Karageorghis, “Material from a Sanctuary at Potamia,” RDAC, 289-315.

Karageorghis 1987.  V. Karageorghis, The Archaeology of Cyprus: Ninety Years after Myres (London).

Karageorghis and Vermeule 1966.  V. Karageorghis and C. Vermeule, Sculptures from Salamis II (Nicosia).

Kardulias and Yerkes 2004. P. N. Kardulias and R. Yerkes, “World-Systems Theory and Regional Survey: The Malloura Valley Survey on Cyprus,” in E. Athanassopoulos and L. Wandsnider, Mediterranean Archaeological Landscapes: Current Issues(Philadelphia), 143-64.

Lang 1878.  R. H. Lang, “Narrative of Excavations in a Temple at Dali (Idalium) in Cyprus,” Transactions of the Royal Society of Literature, 2nd Series, 11, 30-54.

Leibundgut 2011. D. Leibundgut Wieland and L. Frey-Asche, Weihgeschenke aus dem Heiligtum der Aphrodite in Alt-Paphos. Terrakotten, Skulpturen und andere figürliche Kleinvotive. Ausgrabungen in Alt-Paphos auf Cypern 7. Mainz: Philipp von Zabern.

Maier 1967.  F. Maier, “Excavations at Kouklia (Palaepaphos) Site A,” RDAC, 29-49.

Maier 1985.  F. Maier, Alt-Paphos auf Cypern: Ausgrabungen zur Geschichte von Stadt und Heiligtum 1966-1984 (Mainz).

Maier 1989.  F. G. Maier, “Priest Kings in Cyprus,” in E. G. Peltenburg, Early Society in Cyprus (Edinburgh)., 376-91.

Masson 1961.  O. Masson, Inscriptions chypriotes syllabiques (Paris).

Masson 1971.  O. Masson, “KYPRIAKA IX:  Recherches sur les antiquités de Golgoi,” BCH 95, 305-34.

Masson 1997.  O. Masson, “Les ex-voto trouvés par L. Palma di Cesnola à Golgoi en 1870,” Cahier du Centre d’Études Chypriotes 27, 25-9.

Masson and Hermary 1986.  O. Masson and A. Hermary, “Le Chapiteau hathorique de Paphos (Bapho, 1865),” Cahier du Centre d’Études Chypriotes 5, 3-8.

Mitford 1946.  T. B. Mitford, “Religious Documents from Greek and Roman Cyprus,” JHS 66, 36-9.

Mitford and Iliffe 1951. “Excavations at Kouklia (Old Paphos), Cyprus, 1950,” AntJ 31, 51-66.

MpakalakhV 1988.  G. MpakalakhV, Anaskafh sto Lofo GiorkouV (Athens).

Murray 1900.  A. S. Murray, et al. Excavations in Cyprus (London).

Myres 1945b.  J. L. Myres, “A Sanctuary Site at Lefkoniko,” BSA 41, 54-68.

Myres and Ohnefalsch-Richter 1899.  J. L. Myres and M. Ohnefalsch-Richter, A Catalogue of the Cyprus Museum (Oxford).

Nicolaou 1976. K. Nicolaou, The Historical Topography of Kition (Göteborg), 217-35.

Nys and Recke 2004. K. Nys and M. Recke, “Craftsmanship and the Cultural. Political Identity of the Cypriote Kingdoms: The Case of Idalion and Tamassos,” CCEC 34, 211-22.

Petit 2004. T. Petit, “Images de la royauté amathousienne: le sarcophage d’Amathonte,” in Y. Perrin and T. Petit (eds.) Iconographie impériale, iconographie royale, iconographie des élites dans le monde gréco-romain (Saint-Étienne), 49-91.

Reyes 1992. A. Reyes, “The Anthropomorphic Bronze Statuettes of Archaic Idalion, Cyprus,” BSA 87, 243-57.

SCE.  E. Gjerstad, et al. Swedish Cyprus Expedition (Stockholm, 1934-1972).

Senff 1993.  R. Senff, Das Apollonheiligtum von Idalion: Architektur und Statuenausstattung eines Zyprischen Heiligtums, SIMA  94 (Jonserd).

Smith 1997.  J. Smith, “Preliminary Comments on a Rural Cypro-Archaic Sanctuary in Polis-PeristeriesBASOR 308, 77-98.

Smith et al. 2012. J. S. Smith, M. G. Weir, and N. Serwint, “The Sanctuaries of Marion.”  In City of Gold: The Archaeology of Polis Chrysochous, Cyprus, ed. W. A. P. Childs, J. S. Smith, and J. M. Padgett. New Haven: Yale University Press, 166–84.

Solomidou-Ieronymidou 2001. M. Solomidou-Ieronymidou, “The Discovery of Six Unique Cypro-Archaic Statues at Tamassos,” RDAC, 165-86.

Tatton-Brown 1982.  V. Tatton-Brown, “Two Finds Allegedly from Rantidi,” RDAC, 174-182.

Tatton-Brown 1984.  V. Tatton-Brown, “Sculptors at Golgoi,” RDAC, 169-73.

Tatton-Brown 1994. V. Tatton-Brown, “Phoenicians at Kouklia,” in R. Laffineur and F. Vandenabeele, eds. Cypriote Stone Sculpture (Brussels-Liege, 1994), 71-7.

Tatton-Brown 2000. V. Tatton-Brown, “Further Thoughts on Cypriot Sculpture,” in G. Ioannidis and S. Hadjistyllis, ed. Praktika tou Tritou (Nicosia), 667-92. On statues from Pyla in the British Museum

Toumazou 1998.  M. K. Toumazou, et al. “Athienou Archaeological Project: Interim Report of Investigations in the Malloura Valley, 1990-1995,” JFA 25, 163-82.

Toumazou, Counts, Kardulias 2011. M. K. Toumazou, D. B. Counts, and P. N. Kardulias, Crossroads and Boundaries. The Archaeology of Past and Present in the Malloura Valley, Cyprus (Boston).

Toumazou, Counts, Averett, Gordon, Kardulias 2015. M. K. Toumazou, D. B. Counts, E. W. Averett, J. M. Gordon, and P. N. Kardulias, “Shedding Light on the Cypriot Rural Landscape: Investigations of the Athienou Archaeological Project in the Malloura Valley, Cyprus, 2011-2013,” Journal of Field Archaeology 40, 204-220.

Weill 1973.  N. Weill, “Une tête de kouros archaïque à Salamine de Chypre,” in Salamine 4, 57-79.

Westholm 1932. A. Westholm, “Sculptures from the Temple-Site at Soli-Holades,” Acta Archaeologia 2, 172-88.

Wieland and Tatton-Brown 2019.  D. L. Wieland and V. Tatton-Brown, Nordost-Tor und persische Belagerungsrampe in Alt-Paphos IV. Skulpturen, Votivmonumente und Bauteile in der Belagerungsrampe. Ausgrabungen in Alt-Paphos auf Cypern 9. Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag.

Wilson 1974.  V. Wilson, “The Kouklia Sanctuary,” RDAC, 139-46.

Winbladh 1997. M-L. Winbladh, An Archaeological Adventure in Cyprus: The Swedish Cyprus Expedition 1927-1931 (Stockholm).

Winter 1996.  N. Winter, “The Terracottas,” in D. Buitron-Oliver 1996, 89-137.

Yon 1973.  M. Yon, “Lions archaïques,” in Salamine 4, 19-47.

Yon 1974.  M. Yon, Salamine de Chypre V: Un dépot de sculptures archaïques (Paris).

Yon 1993.  M. Yon, ed., Kinyras. L”Archéologie française à Chypre/French Archaeology in Cyprus (Lyon, 1993).

Yon 1997.  M. Yon, “Kition in the Tenth to Fourth Centuries B.C.,” BASOR 308, 9-17.

Yon 2002. M. Yon, “The Acropolis that Never Was. A Myth to be Destroyed,” RDAC, 127-38.

Young and Young 1955.  J. H. Young and S. H. Young, The Terracotta Figurines from Kourion (Philadelphia).